Kidney cancer, also called renal cancer, refers to any type of cancer that starts in the kidney. This tumor can cause several problems within the kidney and throughout the body. Since the kidneys are responsible for filtering the blood, kidney cancer may lead to an imbalance of certain substances in the blood stream.
KIDNEY CANCER TREATMENT LIST -
Kidney cancer patients have more treatment choices that provide a higher quality of life. The treatment for kidney cancer depends on the size of the cancer and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.
The main treatments are :
There are three main types of surgery for kidney cancer :
- Partial nephrectomy : an operation to just remove part of the kidney containing the cancer
- Radical nephrectomy : An operation to remove the entire affected kidney
- Laparoscopic and robotic surgery (minimally invasive surgery)
Sometimes surgery is not recommended because of characteristics of the tumor or the patient’s overall health. The following procedures may be recommended instead :
- Cryoablation : Cryoablation, also called cryotherapy or cryosurgery, is the freezing of cancer cells with a metal probe inserted through a small incision.
- Radiofrequency ablation : Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is the use of a needle inserted into the tumor to destroy the cancer with an electrical current. The procedure is performed by a radiologist or urologist.
If your cancer is advanced, treatment with biological therapies may be offered. These are medications, usually taken once or twice a day, that help stop the cancer growing and spreading. There are many different biological therapies, including :
- Pazopanib 400 mg & 200 mg Tablets (Votrient)
- Axitinib 1 mg & 5 mg Tablets (Inlyta)
- Everolimus 5 mg & 10 mg Tablets (Afinitor, Rapact, Evertor, Evermil, Boletraaz, Rolimus)
A kidney tumour needs blood to grow. Embolization is a procedure that blocks the blood supply to the kidney tumour. It can shrink the tumour and help control symptoms, such as bleeding. During embolisation, the surgeon will insert a small tube called a catheter into a blood vessel in your groin and then guide it to the blood vessel supplying the tumour.
The doctor injects a substance through the catheter into the kidney. This blocks the blood supply to the kidney and cuts off the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the tumour.
Radiotherapy is a treatment where radiation is used to target or destroy cancerous cells. It can't usually cure kidney cancer, but it can slow down its progress and help control your symptoms. It may be recommended if you have advanced kidney cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, such as your bones or brain.
The treatment involves a large machine directing a carefully aimed beam of radiation at the cancerous cells. It's often carried out for a few minutes every day, over a few weeks.
I hope you will find this article helpful, and it will help you better understand kidney cancer and its available treatment options. We will continue to provide similar useful information which is beneficial for you and your loved one's health.
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